By the 1950's America had entered an economic boom period. Following World War II america had become the most powerful and wealthy nation on the planet, and while many Americans benefited from this, there was a large portion of the population who did not. Despite all of the gains made by america after WWII and unprecedented wealth and prosperity enjoyed by many Americans, African Americans still lived in a world of discrimination and oppression. From segregated schools, to separated bathrooms and drinking fountains, to housing discrimination, African Americans all over america faced extreme hardship simply because of the color of their skin. Out of this rampant discrimination came the Civil Rights Movement. The Civil Rights Movement lasted roughly from 1955-1968, and managed to overturn many of the laws and practices that had plagued the African American Community. The primary tool of the Civil Rights Movement was civil disobedience, or the practice of non-violently refusing to obey certain laws seen to be oppressive.